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Section 4. ESOL models of delivery

Recent years have seen a major shift in models of ESOL delivery, away from ‘discrete’ ESOL provision towards language teaching that is more contextualised and flexible, for example through ‘blended’ delivery involving ICT, or through more flexible timetabling. It can also mean embedding language learning in vocational courses, in workplace training, or in other contexts relevant to learners’ lives and ambitions, such as ESOL citizenship.

Some models of delivery may be determined by the contexts and settings in which they occur, such as prisons and probation or family learning in schools. You can find further useful information, definitions and resources in the Embedding LLN Starter Kit and the Flexible Models Starter Kit.

The Developing Models of Flexible Delivery of Skills for Life provision report looks at blended and distance learning and flexible attendance models, and the implications of these approaches for pedagogy and for resources.

ESOL in the workplace

ESOL in the Workplace draws together UK and international research on ESOL in the workplace.

ESOL Pathfinder: Working With Employers is a collection of case studies based on pathfinder projects across England exploring collaboration between employers and training organisations to develop ESOL training programmes.

Embedding ESOL in other programmes

You wouldn't expect a maths teacher to teach plastering explains different models for embedding and presents case studies of embedding in practice and the impact on learning and achieving.

Embedding ESOL in a construction course is a set of materials, including films, covering aspects of embedding ESOL in a construction programme including ESOL and vocational staff working together and the learners perspective. 

Practical guidance for embedding Skills for Life includes information on what is meant by embedded Skills for Life, models of delivery and staffing. 

Providers can search for materials from a huge bank of embedded learning materials contextualised to different vocational areas via the Embedded learning portal. These embedded teaching and learning materials are designed for use by ESOL teachers and vocational teachers and trainers. The 'Making the most of the embedded learning portal' provides more information on this bank of resources.

In Improving Learner Success by Embedding Literacy, Language and Numeracy organisations share their experiences and provide guidance for others developing an embedded approach.

Provider examples

East Berkshire College document 1 & document 2 
This college developed an approach to designing resources to support ESOL learners within mainstream programmes.

Pitman Training resource
Teaching and learning resources were developed for NVQ L2 Communications in Care.

Supporting ESOL learners through blended learning models

A study looking at a blended learning English course held at an Italian university has shown it has had a beneficial effect on both teachers and learners.

English for Food Hygiene Session 1 provides an example of a blended learning approach in practice.

Since the arrival of the two dedicated IT suites and the full use that staff are making of the VLE and interactive whiteboard, the students are clearly enjoying themselves, they are able to learn at their own pace, the curriculum has become significantly enhanced and the results are beginning to speak for themselves.

In this case study, Amersham and Wycombe College describes how it embedded e-learning into its ESOL programmes.